瓦力财经第18期直播访谈|对话RSK/RIF亚太地区总监Eddy Travia

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瓦力财经,邀您一起见证区块链时代!

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瓦力哇哩直播访谈是瓦力财经旗下一档对话区块链行业大咖的尖端思想、感受前沿趋势的访谈栏目,并且与数十家区块链媒体平台达成战略合作。 瓦力社区为瓦力哇哩直播访谈提供40万社区用户的流量支持,可以给访谈嘉宾带来更好的媒体宣传。

本次《瓦力哇哩》邀请到的主讲嘉宾是RSK/RIF亚太地区总监Eddy Travia, RSK智能合约网络是比特币网络保护的第一个通用智能合约平台,是世界上最安全的智能合约平台,其支持可持续的链上扩容。RSK基础架构框架开放标准(RIF OS)是一套开放和分散的基础架构协议,可在统一环境中实现分布式应用程序(dApp)的更快,更轻松和可扩展的开发。通过RSK网络开发的RIF服务可以使dapp更加安全,简便的开发。目前RIF服务包括目录、支付、存储、通信和数据服务。

本期直播访谈的主题是:当BTC加上智能合约,会爆发出怎样的潜能? 

 以下为采访实录:
(在不改变原意的情况下,稍有删节)

主持人:第一问:在采访前我也阅读了一些材料,最开始项目叫RSK,后来改名为IOV,现在还有个RIF 的项目似乎是在平行跑,能不能给我们粉丝朋友们解释一下这三个项目,或者说是品牌之间的关系?Question 1:What is the relationship between RSK Labs, RIF Labs, and IOV Labs? Can you explain that for us? 

Eddy TraviaRSK Labs是其联合创始人于2015年创建的第一家公司,旨在建立一个由比特币网络保护的智能合约平台。RIF Labs是IOV Labs的原名。IOV Labs是一家在直布罗陀注册的组织,于2018年收购RSK,致力于为新的全球经济构建低成本,高度安全,易于使用的平台。RIF的全称其实是RSK基础结构框架。它是一套开放式和分散式基础结构协议,可在统一环境中更快,更轻松和可扩展地开发分布式应用程序(dApp)。IOV Labs为新的全球经济构建了低成本,高安全度,且易于使用的平台。IOV Labs利用比特币的收益和与其相配套的工具来创造和保护增长,为全球金融自由奠定了基础。

RSK Labs was the first company created by its co-founders in 2015 with the aim to build a smart contract platform secured by the Bitcoin network. RIF Labs was the original name of IOV Labs. IOV Labs is a Gibraltar-registered organization which acquired RSK in 2018 and builds low-cost, highly secure, easy-to-use platforms for the new global economy. RIF (RSK Infrastructure Framework) is a suite of open and decentralized infrastructure protocols that enable faster, easier and scalable development of distributed applications (DApps) within a unified environment. IOV Labs builds low-cost, highly secure, easy-to-use platforms for the new global economy. Harnessing the benefits of Bitcoin with a suite of tools to create and protect growth, IOV Labs is planting the seeds for global financial freedom.

主持人:第二问,RSK是一条比特币的侧链,和比特币分叉有什么不同,那RSK是如何定义自己的?Question 2:RSK is a sidechain of BTC, how is it different from a Bitcoin fork? How does RSK define itself? )

Eddy Travia比特币分叉是仍然使用比特币软件的核心组件,大多数情况下,分叉只是对配置变量的更改;有时可能还会对代码和软件进行更改。然而,RSK是一个全新的软件,RSK具有自己的链,并且这条链是由许多比特币矿工进行合并挖矿的。

同时,也因为RSK具有比特币算力的保障,也令RSK上的区块变得更加安全。1RBTC可以通过双向锚定转换为1BTC。双向锚定即在从主链流出时1BTC=1RBTC,在返回主链时1个RBTC=1BTC。

并且,RSK具有智能合约的功能,RSK的虚拟机实现与以太坊虚拟机的兼容。这意味着您可以在RSK上使用智能合约开发人员工具。 但是在比特币的链上则无法执行此操作。

A Bitcoin fork still uses the core components of Bitcoin software

  – most of the time these are just changes to the configuration variables

  – Sometimes there are also code/ software changes

– RSK on the other hand is completely new software

  – RSK has its own blockchain

  – This blockchain is merge mined by a number of Bitcoin miners

    This results in blocks added to the RSK blockchain being secure as blocks are mined on the Bitcoin blockchain.

  – One R-BTC is exchangeable to one BTC via a 2-way peg; 2-way peg means 1 BTC = 1 R-BTC going out on the main chain (peg-out) and 1 R-BTC = 1 BTC going back into the main chain (peg-in).

– RSK has smart contract capability:

RSK’s virtual machine implementation is compatible with the Ethereum Virtual Machine. This means that you can use smart contract developer tools on RSK. You are not able to do this on Bitcoin.

主持人:第三问,RSK网络上可以实现BTC的快速支付功能,这似乎和比特币的闪电网络很像,两者有什么不同?RSK网络有何优势? (Question 3:RSK network supports BTC fast payment, it looks similar to Lighting. Could you tell us the differences between them? What are the advantages of the RSK network? )

Eddy TraviaRIF OS以RSK区块链为基础构建的。而且RIF OS具有多种服务,其中之一是Lumino网络。Lumino网络提供的是快速支付和交易的功能。从技术上讲:Lumino是脱链状态通道网络,其发起的付款由RSK担保,安全性更好,但是交易吞吐量要快得多。

相较于比特币来说:RSK的每笔交易具有更低的转账费用(可变化的),RSK具有更快的出块速度(~30秒vs ~10分钟)。

RIF OS is built using the RSK blockchain as a foundation.

The Lumino network provides for fast payments/ transactions

  – In technical terms: Lumino is off-chain state channel network

  – Payments are secured by RSK, and therefore also by Bitcoin, but with a much faster transaction throughput.

Compared to Bitcoin:

RSK has lower fees per transaction (variable)

RSK has faster block times (~30 seconds vs ~10 minutes)

主持人: 第四问,因为RIF和RBTC两种代币都存在RSK网络中,RIF和RBTC的双代币机制怎么理解?在业内是否是首创?对行业有哪些影响? ( Question 4:There are R-BTC and RIF tokens in the RSK network. How to understand the dual token mechanism of RIF and R-BTC?Is it the first in the industry? What impact does it have on the industry? )

Eddy TraviaRBTC是RSK区块链的协议级加密货币。它与BTC是一比一挂钩的。你可以在交易中将一定数量的RBTC从一个账户中转移到另一个账户中。也可以将RBTC当做转账交易时的gas费用。比如将RIF转账到钱包时需要RBTC作为gas费用。

RIF是由智能合约定义的可替代令牌,且其遵循EIP-677标准,其和大家所熟知的ERC20标准相似;你可以通过与此智能合约的交互将一定数量的RIF从一个账户转移到另一个账户中。

至于是否是行业首创这个问题,我想答案是否定的。在任何具有智能合约功能的区块链平台上都可以做到这一点;以太坊的ERC20代币就是一个例子。需要注意的是,虽然可能只有一种协议级别的加密货币,但是基于多个智能合约的可代替令牌却可以有很多个。

使RIF与其他可替代令牌与众不同的是,RIF可以用于标定RIF操作系统即RIF OS的各种服务的价格。具体的服务内容包括:RIF姓名服务,RIF支付服务,RIF存储服务等等。

– R-BTC:

  – R-BTC is the protocol level cryptocurrency of the RSK blockchain; it is pegged to Bitcoin (via the 2-way peg described earlier)

  – You may transfer units of R-BTC from one account to another

directly within transactions

  – You also use R-BTC to pay for any gas costs in transactions – for example when sending RIF tokens to a wallet

– RIF

  – RIF is a fungible token and defined by a smart contract which

follows the EIP-677 token standard, which is similar to the ERC20 token standard

  – You may transfer units of RIF from one account to another

indirectly via interacting with this smart contract

– First in industry?

  – No, it is possible to do this in any blockchain platform which has smart contract capabilities; Ethereum’s ERC20 fungible tokens are an example of this

  – Note that while there may only be one protocol level cryptocurrency, there can be multiple smart contract based fungible tokens

  – The thing that makes RIF different from other fungible tokens is that it is used to denominate the prices of various services that comprise the RIF OS

主持人:第五问,今年比特币迎来了备受关注的减半行情,BTC的减半会对RSK造成什么影响呢? Question 5:How do you view the bitcoin halving market? What is the impact of BTC halving on RSK? )

Eddy Travia由于RSK的安全性取决于比特币矿工,,即使比特币会减半,比特币的矿工仍然会在减半后(因为他们知道这种情况每4年发生一次)继续进行挖矿,因此其实BTC的减半并不会对RSK产生影响。RSK网络安全将继续受到比特币网络算力的保护。比特币网络的哈希算力通常在减半后趋于下降,然后迅速回到减半前的水平。

在这些动荡的时代,比特币减半(授予矿工的比特币数量减半,从而在比特币区块链网络上增加了一笔交易)与中央银行在金融市场上大量导入美元,英镑,欧元的情况是相符合的;在这种情况下,我相信人们应该会理解,被预先定义了其稀缺性的比特币会成为更安全的长期价值保证。 但是我认为这可以对RSK产生间接的积极影响。重要的是同RSK进行合并挖矿所获得的比特币哈希算力份额。

Since the security of RSK is dependent on Bitcoin miners and Bitcoin miners are likely to continue mining BTC after the halving (they know this happens every 4 years) there is no impact on RSK. RSK network security will remain in direct link to the Bitcoin network security. Bitcoin network hash power usually tends to decrease after the halving and then rapidly goes back to pre-halving levels.

In these turbulent times, the Bitcoin halving (the halving of the number of bitcoins granted to miners adding a block of transactions on the bitcoin blockchain) will coincide with a massive inflow of US dollars, British pounds, Euros on the financial markets by the central banks; in that context, I believe people should understand how the pre-defined scarcity of bitcoin is a more secure long-term guarantee of value. But I would qualify this as an indirect positive impact on RSK. The share of Bitcoin’s hash power merge mined by RSK is what matters.

主持人:第六问,我们注意到RSK目前有很多的应用,包括和阿根廷政府的合作,和物流公司的合作,和慈善机构的合作,是否可以挑选一到两个案例进行展开介绍下?( Question 6:We have noticed that RSK has many applications, including cooperation with the Argentine government, cooperation with logistics companies, and cooperation with charities. Is it possible to select one or two cases for introduction? )

Eddy Travia我简单介绍三个RSK目前的落地应用。

1.Dexfreight

DexFreight是一个基于区块链的去中心化物流平台,使托运人,承运人和其他供应链利益相关者可以更有效,透明和安全地进行交易和协作。物流行业是一个高度分散的行业,效率低下,人工处理,数据隔离,付款速度缓慢以及欺诈,盗窃和交易对手纠纷等进一步影响造成巨大的延误。DexFreight将区块链,智能合约,物联网和人工智能与当前技术和遗留系统集成在一起,为行业带来了独特的价值主张。该平台提供不可篡改的身份和声誉,数字化交易,代币化支付,实时对等交互,自动负载和容量匹配,防欺诈以及更智能的金融和保险解决方案。DexFreight的主要客户包括第三方物流提供商,托运人,承运人和供应链的所有其他参与者。

DexFreight技术将最终缩短转换时间并降低成本,从而将产品交付最终用户。 在所有交易中使用智能合约将带来更高的透明度和问责制,从而减少交易对手争端及其相关成本。

与其他区块链基础设施相比,RSK提供了比特币基础设施及其自己的网络,以更低的成本,可扩展性和更快的确认时间提供了货运交易的不可篡改性。RSK是dexFreight的理想“第2层”解决方案。 使用区块链开发人员社区已知的流行工具和编程语言,dexFreight可以经济高效地构建其他组件,例如身份,oracle,区块链上的交付证明。 RSK团队还一直为dexFreight团队提供技术支持,帮助其建立货运智能合约和其他组件。

2.RSK最近官宣的项目:Gasnet

在阿根廷的天然气监管机构(Enargas)的批准下,IOV Labs和软件开发商Grupo Sabra开发并启动了Gasnet,这是一个在企业版RSK智能合约网络上运行的许可区块链平台。Gasnet旨在确保并加速阿根廷长期速度缓慢的燃气认证过程。 在现已投入运营的财团网络中,认证文件和交易详细信息在Gasnor和Enargas之间压缩,后者各自运行一个网络节点。当然认证仅仅是开始。 IOV实验室和Grupo Sabra相信Gasnet的共享生态系统可以促进任意数量和内容的服务。例如,鉴于天然气基础设施的危险性,技术人员的资格至关重要。 Gasnet还可以跟踪整个阿根廷的承包商记录。

3.Circles of Angels

Circles of Angels是利用区块链技术为所有人提供社会影响融资的一个筹资网络——说明实际上生产者的生活正如何受到影响,我们用这一透明度加快筹资进程。一个透明的平台,提供了一个用于可视化和数字化影响筹资过程的简单而全面的工具——直接从资助者向社会企业提供。我们利用建立智能合约的新方法作为通过里程碑融资支付资金的方法。

我们发现的核心问题之一是资助者与和当地社区中的当地居民合作的社会企业之间的影响报告进程缺乏透明度。 7.67 亿人生活在每天 1.90 美元的国际贫困线以下。在实现联合国可持续发展目标的同时,尤其是目标 1,有必要采取制度变革的办法来解决贫困问题。在消除贫困领域,缺乏获得影响和社会企业 (SE) 耐心资本的渠道。除这一挑战外,利益相关者还无法真实地跟踪资金的使用情况,以了解社会企业对生产者生活的实际影响以及社区的实际改善情况。

1. Dexfreight

DexFreight is a decentralized, blockchain-based logistics platform that allows shippers, carriers and other supply chain stakeholders to transact and collaborate more efficiently, transparently and securely. The logistics industry is a highly fragmented industry with inefficiencies, costly delays caused by manual processes, isolated data, slowed payments and further impacted by fraud, theft and counterparty disputes. DexFreight integrates blockchain, smart contracts, IoT, and artificial intelligence with current technologies and legacy systems bringing a unique value proposition to the industry. The platform offers immutable identity and reputation, digitized transactions, tokenized payments, real-time peer-to-peer interaction, automated load and capacity matching, fraud prevention, and smarter finance and insurance solutions.

DexFreight primary customers include third-party logistics providers, shippers, carriers and all other actors of the supply chain.

DexFreight technology will ultimately translate in shorter times and lower costs to get the products to the hands of the end consumer. The use of smart contracts for all transactions will bring new levels of transparency and accountability reducing counterparty disputes and the costs associated with them.

RSK provides Bitcoin infrastructure along with its own network to provide immutability of shipment transactions at much lower cost, scalability, and faster time to confirmation compared to other blockchain infrastructures. RSK is an ideal “Layer 2” solution for dexFreight. Using popular tools and programming languages known by the blockchain developer community allows dexFreight to cost-effectively build other components such as identity, oracles, proof of delivery on the blockchain. RSK team has also been providing technical support to the dexFreight team in building shipment smart contracts and other components.

2. Recently Announced Project: Gasnet

With the approval of the gas regulator in Argentina (Enargas), IOV Labs and software builder Grupo Sabra have developed and launched Gasnet, a permissioned blockchain platform running on an enterprise version of the RSK smart contract network. Gasnet is designed to secure and accelerate Argentina’s chronically delayed gas certification processes. In the now-operational consortium network, certification documents and transaction details zip between Gasnor and Enargas, each of whom run a network node. Certification is just the beginning. IOV Labs and Grupo Sabra are confident that Gasnet’s shared ecosystem can facilitate any number of services. Technician’s credentials, for example, are crucially important, given the dangerous nature of natural gas infrastructure. Gasnet will also enable to track records of contractors all over Argentina.

3. Circles of Angels

Circles of Angels is a funding network to enable social impact financing for all using blockchain technology. Circles of Angels facilitates the funding process with transparency on how the lives of producers are actually being impacted. A transparent platform that provides a simple yet comprehensive tool to visualize and digitize the impact funding journey – from funders directly to Social Enterprises. Circles of Angels leverages new ways to build smart contracts as a means of disbursing funds through milestone-based financing.

One of the core problems Circles of Angels has identified is the lack of transparency around the impact reporting process between funders and social enterprises working with local, on the ground communities. 767 million people in the world live below the international poverty line of $1.90 a day. There is a lack of access to patient capital for Impact and Social Enterprises (SEs) in the space of poverty eradication. Coupled with this challenge, is a further inability for stakeholders to authentically track the use of funds on the actual impact deployed by the SEs on the lives of the producers and the actual improvements in the communities.

Circles of Angels is targeting social enterprises who are doing work impacting the space of poverty eradication with a clear focus on : Education, Climate Action, Tech for Good and Art. Funders, Angels or Philanthropists who are looking to deploy their capital to impactful enterprises and are open to using technologies like Blockchain to improve the tracking and use of funds that have been deployed. Leveraging technologies like smart contracts, is a response and a possible solution to the challenge of tracking where funds are going in a more tangible way.